# What Is Original Gravity?

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Original Gravity (OG), sometimes called original extract, is **a measure of the solids content originally in the wortwortWort is an aqueous solution of extract made from grain, intended for fermentation by yeast into beer., before alcoholic fermentation has commenced to produce the beer**. OG is one of the major measurements used by brewers to determine the future alcohol content of a beer fermented from a particular wort.

You may wonder, what determines original gravity? An original gravity (OG) reading indicates **the number of dissolved sugars in the beer that can be converted into alcohol**. These sugars come from malted grain and are later consumed by yeast to convert wort into beer. In short, the OG is an indication of the beer's potential alcohol percentage.

Similarly one may ask, what does gravity mean in beer? “Gravity” refers to **the amount of fermentable sugars present during the beer brewing process**. Higher sugar content means more food for the yeast to consume and turn into alcohol. Brewers take the gravity reading of the unfermented ingredients before adding yeast to them.

Besides above, how is og calculated? The Original Gravity refers to the gravity of the wort pre-fermentation and the Final Gravity refers to the Gravity post fermentation. Then the Recipe Potential Original Gravity can be calculated by **multiplying the GU by the post-boil volume in gal**.

Likewise, why is my og lower than expected? Sparging – **If you sparge too quickly, have a poorly designed mash tun filter, or sparge the wrong volume** you can get a low OG. Take your time when sparging, which will let the wort extract as much as possible from the grain bed. Also design of the mash system can have an impact.

## What if my OG is too high?

If the gravity is too high, **dilute it by adding boiled or sterile water**: This time we'll assume our target was 1.056 but we overshot and came in with a gravity of 1.064, again using a 5 gallon batch. We'll use the fact that the number of points times volume should be a constant to do the dilution.

## When should I take OG reading?

Your original gravity (OG), which is taken **just before pitching your yeast and after the wort has chilled**. Make sure you make any temperature adjustments to it before recording it. Follow the instructions for your hydrometer or refractometer for this.

## What does high original gravity mean?

“High-gravity” refers to brewing a beer with high original gravity (OG)—typically, **above 1.075 OG is considered high**. OG is a measure of the fermentable and un-fermentable substances in the wort before fermentation.

## What gravity is beer finished?

If the fermentation is finished, the specific gravity is called the **final gravity (abbreviated FG)**. For example, for a typical strength beer, original gravity (abbreviated OG) could be 1.050 and FG could be 1.010. Several different scales have been used for measuring the original gravity.

## What is the original gravity of water?

Because water at 4 degrees Celsius is the standard scientists use to determine specific gravity, it follows that its **specific gravity is 1**. However, a water sample at a different temperature or pressure or one containing impurities has a density that differs slightly.

## What does SRM mean for beer?

Standard Reference Method**Standard Reference Method** (Srm) is the method for color assessment of wort or beer as published in the recommended methods of the American Society of Brewing Chemists. See american society of brewing chemists (asbc) . It is measured in a cell of path length 0.5 inches (1.27 cm) with light of wavelength 430 nm.

## How do you find final gravity?

You can estimate the approximate finishing gravity of a beer by **taking into account the attenuation rate of the yeast strain you are using**. For example if you have a yeast with a 75% attenuation rate and your original gravity is 1.050 the estimated final gravity would be about 1.012.

## How do you calculate ABV from OG and FG?

The basic formula used by most homebrewers is pretty simple: **ABV = (OG - FG) * 131.25**. ABV = alcohol by volume, OG = original gravity, and FG = final gravity. So, using this formula with a beer having an OG of 1.055 and a FG of 1.015, your ABV would be 5.25%.

## How are gravity points calculated?

**Gravity points = grain's extract potential (EP) x mass (lbs) = specific gravity x volume**. Calculating for Malt Extracts: To brew 5 gal of 1.043 gravity beer, you need 215 total gravity points (5 gal x 43 points).

## What Is Original Gravity - What other sources say:

### Homebrewing Basics: What's the Original Gravity of Beer?

Original gravity (abbreviated OG) is a measure of the fermentable and un-fermentable substances in a beer wort before fermentation. Those ...

### Defining Beer Gravity | CraftBeer.com?

A gravity reading taken just prior to yeast being added, or pitched, is referred to as the original gravity (OG). The OG will provide the ...

### What Is Original Gravity? | The Beer Connoisseur?

— Original Gravity dictates whether the desired ABV will be achieved in a brew. It dictates whether the hop additions will provide the desired ...

### Gravity (alcoholic beverage) - Wikipedia?

The original gravity is the specific gravity measured before fermentation. · The final gravity is the specific gravity measured at the completion of fermentation ...

### Calculating Original Gravity for Beer Recipe Design - BeerSmith?

Original gravity is a measure of the sugars dissolved in the water in your unfermented wort. It is typically measured with a hydrometer or ...

### What is Original Gravity? | Homebrew Academy?

The density of water for this process is taken to be 1 kilogram per litre. The calculation of the density of the wort will provide you with the ...

### Terminology: Beer Gravity | The Tap on Ponce?

An original gravity (OG) reading indicates the number of dissolved sugars in the beer that can be converted into alcohol.

### Beer Styles – Original Gravity and Final Gravity Chart?

Original gravity (OG) measures how much sugar is present in the wort before it is fermented. The final gravity (FG) is how much sugar is left ...

### Used Resourses:

https://www.thespruceeats.com/original-gravity-of-beer-353235

https://www.craftbeer.com/craft-beer-muses/defining-gravity

https://beerconnoisseur.com/articles/what-original-gravity

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravity_(alcoholic_beverage)

https://beersmith.com/blog/2015/01/30/calculating-original-gravity-for-beer-recipe-design/

https://homebrewacademy.com/original-gravity/

https://www.atthetap.com/blog/terminology-beer-gravity

https://www.brewersfriend.com/2009/02/04/beer-styles-original-gravity-and-final-gravity-chart/